About this resource

Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008

The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (H.R. 6893/P.L. 110-351) was signed on Oct. 7, 2008. One important optional provision of the law allows states to receive federal Title IV-E reimbursement for costs associated with supports for young people to remain in foster care up to age 21.

Approximately 26,000 youth who “age out” of foster care at age 18 each year face significant challenges in meeting their needs for health care, education, employment, housing and emotional support. Although all states provide independent living services to ease this critical transition, an increasing number of states allow youth to remain in or return to, foster care after they reach age 18. 

Eligibility

The Fostering Connections Act provides states with the option to continue providing Title IV-E reimbursable foster care, adoption, or guardianship assistance payments to children up to the age of 19, 20 or 21 if the youth is:

  • completing secondary education or a program leading to an equivalent credential;
  • enrolled in an institution which provides post-secondary or vocational education;
  • participating in a program or activity designed to promote, or remove barriers to, employment;
  • employed for at least 80 hours per month; or
  • incapable of doing any [of the above] due to a medical condition.

To view a summary of the Fostering Connections Act, click here.

Approximately 25 states and the District of Columbia extended foster care beyond age 18 under Title IV-E of the Social Security Act, as enacted in the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008.

50-state map showing states with Title IV-E